Brain-Maps Home Brain___    Brain Anatomy: Hippocampus    ___
deutsch    Back to Brain Anatomy »
Hippocampi Posterior Limbic System



Encoding, retention and retrieval of spatial and episodic experiences S; memory S, above all episodic and autobiographic S, but not procedural, and only in part semantic (controversial, S, S, S); learning, recognition S

Encoding and retrieval of relational information in visual short-term memory S

Spatial (CA3 subregion, S) and contextual learning and memory S, continuous encoding of ongoing experience, categorization S, pattern separation and pattern completion S

Behavioral regulation and inhibition (e.g. of food intake for body weight regulation) S

Speech comprehension through mnemonic encoding of narrative information S
Disorders (Hippocampus)

Amnesia, PTSD S and other stress-related disorders S; Alzheimer's Disease S, Depression S, S, Anxiety Disorders S, Bipolar Disorder S, S, Dissociative disorders S, Obesity S, Tourette Syndrome S, Cushing's syndrome S, Multiple Sclerosis S; Huntington's Disease (posterior) S

Dentate gyrus


Memory formation; regulation of stress responses S, neurogenesis even in adults S

Geometry of the environment S, spatial pattern separation during learning S


PTSD S, stress-related disorders (above all due to the suppression of neurogenesis by exposure to high levels of corticosterone S), Depression S, S, S (cognitive aspects S), Déjà vu, Epilepsy S, Alzheimer's Disease S, S

Sources: Rita Carter: "Mapping the Mind" (upper left and right), Thinkquest (below).

External Link Disclaimer: We as the creators of are not responsible for the contents or reliability of any linked websites and do not necessarily endorse the views expressed within them. The listing of a link shall not be taken as endorsement of any kind. We cannot guarantee that these links will work all of the time and we have no control over the availability of linked pages.

Please note: While we as the creators of make every effort to post the most accurate and reliable information, we do not guarantee or warrant that the information on this web site is complete, accurate or up-to-date. We assume no responsibility for the use or application of any posted material. This web site is intended solely for the purpose of electronically providing both the public and scientists with brain-related information and convenient access to the data resources. We assume no responsibility for any error, omissions or other discrepancies between the electronic and printed versions of documents.

We do not provide individual advice or counseling, whether medical, legal, or otherwise. If you are seeking specific advice or counseling, you should contact a licensed medical practitioner or professional. For comments, corrections or suggestions please send us an e-mail »

« © 2009 - 2014 » « Contact »