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Epiphysis cerebri, Pineal gland

Pineal gland


Melatonin production (Sleep-wake cycle and other time-dependent, seasonal rhythms)

Other melatonin functions: possibly memory formation, long-term potentiation, synaptic plasticity (amongst other functions) within the hippocampus; consciousness, stress S; menopause S; aging S; immune system S; protection of the upper portion of the gastrointestinal tract S; possibly antioxidant S, antidepressive, anxiolytic and nootropic effect S; Influence on the insulin secretion S


Disturbances of the circadian rhythm; premature sexual maturation; Enhancement or inhibition of sexual development; Cysts -> headaches S, papillary tumor of the pineal region S
Endocrine glands

Source left: "Neurology of Cognitive and Behavioral Disorders", edited

Right: Endocrine system of man and woman.
Source: Wikipedia, edited

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